Jaipur is the capital and largest city in Rajasthan, India. Jaipur is also known as the Pink City of India owing to an old commercial area painted in pink.
Jaipur is 260 km from the Indian capital New Delhi, Jaipur forms a part of the west Golden Triangle tourist circuit along with Agra (240 km). Jaipur is one of the most popular tourist destination in India and serves as a gateway to other tourist destinations in Rajasthan such as Jodhpur, Jaisalmer, Udaipur, Mount Abu and Bharatpur.
Jaipur the capital of Rajasthan state in India was founded in 1727 by Maharaj Jai Singh II, who ruled Jaipur State from 1699-1744. Initially his capital was Amer, which lies at a distance of 11 km from Jaipur. He shifted the capital to Jaipur due to increase in population and scarcity of water. Jaipur is the first planned city of India and the King took great interest while designing this city of victory. He consulted several books on architecture and architects before making the layout of Jaipur.
Jaipur is filled with forts, temples and gardens. Below is the list of some must go places in Jaipur.
- Hawa Mahal – the most famous landmark in Jaipur situated at the heart of pink city, situated around 5 km from station,
- Jantar mantar – The Jantar Mantar monument in Jaipur, Rajasthan is a collection of nineteen architectural astronomical instruments, built by the Rajput king Sawai Jai Singh, and completed in 1734. It features the world’s largest stone sundial, and is listed in the UNESCO World Heritage site.
- Albert Hall Museum – the oldest museum of the state and functions as the State museum of Rajasthan
- Jal Mahal – palace located in the middle of the Man Sagar Lake in the city. The palace and the lake around it were renovated in the 18th century by Maharaja Jai Singh II of Amber.
- Amer Fort – the magnificent fort is the true representation of Rajasthan’s rich past
- Birla Temple – a famous temple situated in the heart of the city.
Road: Jaipur is well connected by road to Delhi, Gurgaon, Ahmedabad, Udaipur, Agra, Bhilwara, Ajmer etc.
Rail: Jaipur is connected to almost all the major cities in the country – Agra, Delhi, Mumbai, Pune, Udaipur, Varanasi etc.
Air: Jaipur is well connected with all metro cities in India – Delhi, Bangalore, Mumbai, Chennai etc.
Intercity: To roam around in Jaipur one can use local taxis, buses or contact private travel operators which are available in abundance at competitive prices
Food: North Indian, south Indian dishes are easily available at moderate cost in the city, one must try the traditional Rajasthan’s food when being in Jaipur.
Climate: Jaipur lies on a borderline between a hot desert climate and a hot semi-arid receiving over 26 inch of rainfall annually but most rains occur in the monsoon months between June and September. Temperatures ranges from 10–15 °C in winters and 25 to 40 C in summers
Stay: A wide variety of hotels are available ranging from budget hotels to high end luxury ones. Rajasthan tourism affiliated hotels are preferable.
The Experience: In Jaipur one can enjoy the magnanimous forts and monuments which highlights the rich heritage of the past. It is one of the most popular tourist destination in the country.